|Osteo arthritis is a chronic, progressive, degenerative disease
affecting mainly the cartilage of the big, weight-bearing joints
of the body. When multiple joint are affected, it is usually
hereditary. Other causes are abnormal stress and strain on the
Osteo arthritis may be primary or secondary. Primary osteo
arthritis may involve cervical spine (cervical spondylosis)
lumber spine (lumber spondylosis), knee joint (osteo arthritis
of the knee) hip joint and the big toe joint.
The secondary type is a signal to various conditions like
trauma, gont, rheumatoid arthritis etc.
The weight-bearing joints like, lip, knee, shoulder, elbow
and spinal joints are commonly involved. Pain inflicted after
exercise and after a period of immobility is one of the symptoms.
It is an aching pain and in intermittent initially and then
becomes continuous . Sometimes there may be a nocturnal pain,
disturbing sleep at night. Gradually, as the pain increases,
the patient tends to restrict the movements of the joint,
which becomes stiff.
Stiffness is a prominent symptom and it occurs when the patient
gets up from bed in the morning after a good night's sleep.
But with some movement, the stiffness becomes less.
In several cases all movements are restricted and the patient
becomes completely bedridden and invalid. During this acute
stage, rest is essential. Diet should be so adjusted so that
it helps reduction of overweight.
Physiotherapy may be helpful. Hot bath relieves spasm of
the muscle and relieve stiffness.
Colchicum can be used for complaints of small joint with
red swelling, tenderness and shifting pain that worsen with
motion. This is recommended during the winter season when
the pain is maximum.
Rhustox can be used when stiffness of the joints occurs after
rest or exposure to cold weather. Slow, gentle movements also
A noosed is recommended for osteo arthritis of large joints
that occurs with degeneration, when there's pain, swelling
and stiffness in the tender joints.
Besides these, Phytolocca, Arnica, Ledulpal, Guaiacum, Chamomilk
Nature sulfa all are useful remedies. However, inform your
physician before taking these medicines